The foal was spotted last Thursday evening, close to the village’s bus terminus.
Residents are now questioning where the horse came from, and why it was dumped in the road.
Local resident, Andy Blackburn said he reported the animal to the council after spotting it on his daily walk.
“I found it quite disturbing,” said Andy, 52, of Buttercroft Drive. “It’s quite a busy road and families often walk past.
“It’s not a very nice sight, seeing a dead animal laid in the road.
“In one respect I am glad that the pandemic has stopped a lot of people from being out and about because if this happened before the pandemic, there would be a lot more people around and it could have caused an accident.”
Barnsley Council confirmed the foal was recovered on March 25, and officers have since taken it to the pet crematorium at Cannon Hall.
An investigation is currently underway to find out where the horse came from.
Matt Gladstone, executive director for place, said: “We deplore any abuse to animals and the way this horse was callously disposed of shows not only a blatant disregard for the animal’s welfare but also for the wider public’s health and safety.
“I would like to say thank you to the teams involved in handling this matter and treating the animal with respect.”